Updated 11 Oct 2019

Fuels regulation overview

The shipping world has become almost obsessed with the issue of fuel since the IMO decided in 2016 to reduce the global limit…

Updated 11 Oct 2019

MARPOL Annex VI 2020 - SOx issues

Just as CO2 is formed by the combustion process, so burning fuel containing nitrogen and sulphur in air will produce NOx and…

Updated 11 Oct 2019

Gas as a fuel overview

After more than a century of using oil as fuel for ships, it is not surprising that most regulation covers oils either as fuels…


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Updated 11 Oct 2019

Overview of marine fuel chemistry

Rudolf Diesel intended the engines that bear his name to run on a wide variety of fuels and in fact his first two engines were…

Updated 11 Oct 2019

Fuel Systems

Unless a ship is purely battery-powered and recharged from shore, a storage and delivery system for fuel is essential. As…

Updated 11 Oct 2019

LNG fuel systems

Fuel systems on gas-only or dual-fuel vessels that are not LNG carriers are something of a novelty and outside the experience…

Updated 11 Oct 2019

Bunkering training

Since the first motor ship went into service in 1912, ships have mostly used MDO and MGO as fuel with IFO and HFO appearing…

Updated 11 Oct 2019

Bunker sampling

During delivery of bunkers samples should be taken for analysis in case of dispute and also for compliance with IMO rules. The…

Updated 11 Oct 2019

Storage related issues

The advent of ECAs not only means that a shipowner without a scrubber is obliged to burn more expensive fuels but also those…

Updated 11 Oct 2019

Time charter fuel related issues

As possibly the highest of all operating costs, fuel and lube purchases need to be subject to proper oversight. When a ship is…

Updated 11 Oct 2019

Cold corrosion

It is not only controlling SOx emissions that has created problems in the tribology of modern engines. Addressing the twin…

Updated 11 Oct 2019

Synthetic lubricants

Lubricants are usually produced using a mineral oil base with additives but even with the best quality controls in place,…

Updated 11 Oct 2019

Lubricant analysis services

Ensuring that engine lubrication is being properly managed is essential for both safe operation and economic reasons. Mostly…

Updated 11 Oct 2019

Other lubricants, oils and greases

Any ship will have lubrication needs beyond that of the engine. There is the transmission system itself, multiple pumps and…

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