A number of opportunities and challenges were listed when INTERCARGO - the industry body for the dry bulk sector – held its AGM and technical committee meetings this week.
The main topics were the Safe Carriage of Cargoes, Investigation of Casualties by Flag Administrations, Air Emissions (including the 2020 Sulphur Limit regulation and Greenhouse Gases), Ballast Water Management, the non- availability and adequacy of Port Reception Facilities for cargo residues, Port State Control transparency and anti-corruption practices, Design Standards for Bulk carriers and related equipment.
At the AGM the Chairman and the two Vice-Chairmen of INTERCARGO from 1st January 2019 were elected for the next two-year term. Current Chairman John Platsidakis and Vice-Chairman Nicky Pappadakis will be stepping down on 31 December 2018 after completing the maximum term in the positions. Vice-Chairman Jay K Pillai was re-elected, Dimitris Fafalios was elected as Chairman and Spyros Tarassis as Vice-Chairman.
Outgoing chairman John Platsidakis said “This year is a landmark of 40 years since the proposal to establish INTERCARGO was first adopted in September 1978 although our Association’s first General Meeting took place in April 1980. During the last two days, we have been engaged with our members in very challenging discussions and serious concern was expressed by the lack of understanding by the regulators of how dry bulk ships operate worldwide on tramp trades. It is regrettable that the regulators do not engage in discussions with our sector, prior to their decisions, on the practical issues related to the implementation of the regulations. We will continue to raise the views of our members at IMO and other fora while we welcome any regulation which sets practical achievable targets. We will be the first ones to applaud them.”
On the question of cargo safety, INTERCARGO noted that 2017 was marked by the tragic losses of Stellar Daisy, carrying iron ore, and Emerald Star, with nickel ore cargo, causing the loss of 32 seafarers, the highest annual loss of lives since 2011. INTERCARGO believes that the submission of quality casualty investigation reports without undue delays would greatly benefit the industry.
On the implementation of the 2020 regulation for the 0.5% sulphur limit on bunkers, the organisation said the maritime industry is concerned about a reasonable level of safety of MARPOL and SOLAS compliant fuels from 1 January 2020. This crucial message has unfortunately been distorted even at IMO level. The successful and orderly implementation of the regulation rests with the IMO Member States and with suppliers (involving oil refineries, bunker suppliers and charterers) who need to secure the worldwide availability of safe compliant fuels - a particular problem for ships in the tramp trades. Policing the quality of the new compliant fuels seems to be a great challenge already, as it has proved extremely difficult to address the very serious recent problems with existing fuels.
INTERCARGO welcomed the initial strategy for the reduction of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) from ships adopted by IMO and said it will continue its participation in the global regulator’s deliberations. The ambitious objectives that have been set will require adequate technological solutions, as GHG emissions largely depend on the design and the technology of the constructed ships, their engines and machinery, and the fuels used for propulsion. So it is crucial that charterers and operators, who very often have the responsibility about how ships are utilised, shipbuilders, engine manufacturers, and fuel suppliers get involved in IMO’s deliberations.
INTERCARGO remains committed to investigating the ongoing practical problems in retrofitting existing dry bulk ships with BWM systems and operating them. Implementation challenges also include adequate worldwide spares support for these systems, the availability of proven systems, which can perform under all conditions, and service backup. Achieving the effective implementation of the BWM Convention will require working closely with the manufacturers.
While pledging its qualified support for recent initiatives, the organisation also felt the need to reiterate some concerns which many industry observers know have existed for decades without satisfactory resolution. In a statement INTERCARGO said ‘Compliance with the discharge requirements of MARPOL for cargo residues and cargo hold washing waters which are Hazardous to the Marine Environment depends largely on the availability of adequate (e.g. per cargo type) Port Reception Facilities (PRFs). The non-availability and adequacy problems of PRFs unfortunately continue. We would urge a more effective system by IMO for information collection and sharing to ensure compliance.
Similarly on the matter of Port State Control transparency, INTERCARGO, in relation to Port State Control transparency and the lack of any self-assessment structures, continues its efforts to persuade regional MoUs to establish auditing schemes and transparency mechanisms. The objective is to target unethical behaviour within their areas and it is regrettable that so far MoUs seem uninterested to follow. Crew are distracted from their primary task of safe ship operations by the unethical behaviour of Port Authorities in some coastal states and we request IMO intervention at government levels to curb this practice.
INTERCARGO’s internally produced statistics for its entered fleet during the last year demonstrate again that Members’ vessels significantly outperform industry averages in terms of Port State Control (PSC) detentions per inspections and also PSC deficiencies per inspections. Secretary General Dr Kostas G Gkonis noted that this has been the result of the stringent criteria applied for adding vessels of members and new membership. “We have had to put a significant number of ship registration applications on hold in the last two years, but we hope that existing and new member applicants appreciate the reasons and will continue to support our Association.”
The Association’s Membership increased significantly through to 2018. The latest count comprised 138 Full Members with 2,177 bulkers entered with the Association, with a total capacity of 202 mil dwt i.e. about 20% basis numbers of vessels and 25% basis dwt of the global dry bulk carrier fleet. Also, 72 Associate Members support the Association.